About 20 years after the first mesothelioma and asbestos class action lawsuits were filed, the number of cases grew to about 20,000.
As awareness increased and doctors diagnosed more people with mesothelioma, the number of claims escalated to 750,000 in another 20 years. Judges were aware of the overwhelming number of claims and the difficulty of managing so many.
In 1991, federal asbestos cases were consolidated in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania for pretrial purposes. Multidistrict asbestos litigation continues to be heard in this court, and is known as MDL 875.
Mesothelioma class actions typically are filed against companies that knew the dangers of asbestos exposure but did not inform employees of the risks. Manufacturers and distributors of asbestos-containing products, mining and construction companies and shipbuilders are often named as defendants in these types of class actions.
Georgine v. Amchem Inc.
The presiding judge was expected to facilitate a global settlement between the major asbestos defendants and plaintiffs’ attorneys. That effort failed. A group of asbestos manufacturers and major plaintiff’s firms attempted to negotiate a settlement agreement. Not intending to go to trial, the parties filed a complaint, answer, joint motion to certify a class and a proposed settlement agreement for Georgine v. Amchem Prods., Inc.
Under the proposal in Amchem, the parties would seek to create a class solely for settlement purposes. Claims of unimpaired plaintiffs would be deferred and a payment matrix would be applied to other claims, including future asbestos claims.
The U.S. Supreme Court eventually ruled against class certification. The court ruled that it was inappropriate because the class of claimants was too large and had too many varied interests. In addition, common questions of law and fact did not predominate within the proposed class.
Ortiz v. Fibreboard Corp.
Since Amchem, federal courts have not favored asbestos class actions. In Ortiz v. Fibreboard Corp., 527 U.S. 815 (1999), the Supreme Court ruled against certifying an asbestos class action. State courts have generally been more willing to certify class actions than federal courts. Still, asbestos class actions are not common.